New Delhi: The basic objective of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, was to facilitate granting Indian citizenship to members of six minority communities from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan even if they do not have valid documents, the government told Lok Sabha Tuesday.Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai said the bill was initially introduced in Lok Sabha three years ago as Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016, and was then referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee. Also Read – How a psychopath killer hid behind the mask of a devout laity!The committee submitted its report to Parliament on January 7 this year, he said. “The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was taken into consideration and passed by Lok Sabha on January 8, 2019. It was pending for consideration and passing by the Rajya Sabha. Consequent to the dissolution of 16th Lok Sabha, this Bill has lapsed,” he said in a written reply to a question by Congress MP Pradyut Bordoloi. The minister also said the basic objective of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was to facilitate grant of Indian citizenship to members of six minority communities who has migrated from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh without valid travel documents or the validity of whose documents had expired. Also Read – Encounter under way in Pulwama, militant killedRai said the Citizenship Act, 1955, treats such persons as “illegal migrants” and disentitles them from applying for Indian citizenship. He said the central government issued a Gazette Notification on October 24, 2018 under section 16 of the Citizenship Act, 1955, to facilitate expeditious grant of Indian wcitizenship only to the legal migrants from the six minority communities from the three countries if they fulfill the eligibility criteria. “This notification does not amend the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 or the rules made thereunder. The notification of October 24, 2018 and the lapsed Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 thus deal with different categories of immigrants from the six minority communities of Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan,” he said.
Updated 10.50pmA NEW YORK jury convicted British hate preacher Abu Hamza on 11 kidnapping and terrorism charges Monday, opening the way for a judge to impose what will almost certainly be a life sentence.The hook-handed imam, who became a tabloid bogeyman in Britain at the Finsbury Park mosque in London, showed no reaction as the guilty verdict was returned on all counts following a four-week trial.Terror trialJudge Katherine Forrest will return to the Manhattan courtroom on September 9 to sentence Abu Hamza and wrap up what was the second high-profile terror trial in New York in three months.Campaigners will seize on the trial as further proof that US terror cases could be tried more effectively in civilian courts as pressure builds to close the Guantanamo Bay prison camp.In March, another New York jury also found Osama bin Laden’s son-in-law and former Al-Qaeda spokesman, Suleiman Abu Ghaith, guilty in a lightning-quick trial a year after his arrest.“With each efficiently delivered guilty verdict against a top Al-Qaeda-linked figure, the debate over how to best seek justice in these cases is quietly being put to rest,” said attorney general Eric Holder.“These trials demonstrate that in an American civilian courtroom, the American people and all the victims of terrorism can be vindicated without sacrificing our principles,” said Manhattan’s top federal prosecutor, US attorney Preet Bharara.Who is Abu Hamza?Mustafa Kamel Mustafa, 56, better known in Britain as Abu Hamza al-Masri, was charged with the 1998 abduction of Western tourists in Yemen, providing material support to Al-Qaeda, assisting the Taliban and sending terror recruits to Afghanistan.The Egyptian-born father of nine and an engineer by training, joined Finsbury Park mosque in 1997, where he preached vitriolic sermons, in particular against the United States.British police arrested Abu Hamza in August 2004 at Washington’s request, and he was sentenced to seven years in jail in 2006 for inciting murder and racial hatred.He was extradited to the United States in October 2012.It took the 12-member jury just 12 hours over two days to reach the unanimous verdict.One member of the jury, who did not want to disclose his identity, said they tried to follow the judge’s guidelines in reaching a verdict.The Yemen counts were “easier” to decide, the juror said, describing Abu Hamza’s views on 9/11 as “very disturbing.”His defense lawyer Jeremy Schneider vowed to appeal, questioning the speed of the jury’s deliberations and said they had “focused on his words, not in his acts.”Gruelling cross-examinationIn the hostage-taking, Abu Hamza was found guilty of providing the Islamist kidnappers with a satellite phone, acting as an intermediary and dispensing advice by telephone from home.Two of the hostages were Americans.The jury also also convicted him of trying to set up a terror training camp in Oregon in 1999 and, from his London base, of promoting “violent jihad” on a global scale.Blind in one eye and with both hands blown off by an explosives experiment in Pakistan, he compared himself to Irish republican leader Gerry Adams and spoke of his love for Osama bin Laden, the Al-Qaeda mastermind killed by US forces in May 2011.He denied all the charges, though he acknowledged he occasionally used strong words in his sermons and fiery speeches – numerous extracts of which were played for the jury.He admitted supplying the satellite phone to the Islamist group that kidnapped the Australian, British and US tourists in Yemen, but said he was only told of the abduction after the fact.He said he threw away a fax in which a young man who attended his mosque told him of plans to build a jihad training camp in Oregon in 1999.He also claimed he didn’t know another of the young men at his mosque had left to fight in Afghanistan.Prosecutors wrapped up their case last week, saying the evidence against Abu Hamza was “simply overwhelming.”Defence lawyer Jeremy Schneider argued that his client was being tried for “his words in general, not his deeds.”- © AFP, 2014- First published 8.12pmRead: Al-Qaeda saw Canary Wharf as a target after 9/11, US trial hears>