Follow the news on Guatemala News GuatemalaAmericas Reporters Without Borders today condemned an attack on three journalists by former members of the paramilitary Civilian Self-Defence Patrols (PAC) yesterday in the northeastern Chiquimula region, the second attack on journalists by ex-paramilitaries using machetes in four months.”We call for the punishment of those responsible so that this kind of violence does not recur and journalists are free to cover local events without fearing for their lives,” the press freedom organisation said.Rolando Hernández and Arnulfo Ortiz of Vanguardia Informativa and Edwin Paxtor of the television programme TV Enfasis were attacked while covering a demonstration by former PAC members demanding more government “compensation” for the help they gave the army during the 1960-1996 civil war.The demonstrators hit them with machetes, chased them and took their equipment. Hernández received a machete blow to the head and was hit on other parts of his body with sticks. Other reporters working for national media were also chased. The victims held ex-PAC leader Víctor Hugo Argueta Corado responsible.Ewin Silva of the TV station Telediario, his cameraman, Carlos García, and Carla Solórzano of Radio Universidad also received machete blows in a similar outbreak of violence during a demonstration by former paramilitaries in Guatemala City in March. News May 8, 2020 Find out more Guatemala: 51 Signatories Call For Authorities To Drop Criminal Charges Against Indigenous Journalist Anastasia Mejía GuatemalaAmericas to go further Receive email alerts Organisation RSF_en Help by sharing this information Guatemala. Don’t put the Guatemalan press in quarantine! August 21, 2020 Find out more Red alert for green journalism – 10 environmental reporters killed in five years News July 12, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Ex-paramilitaries attack journalists again with machetes January 7, 2021 Find out more News
RSF urges Swedish judicial authorities to reverse Dawit Isaak decision Daniel Kibrom, a journalist employed by Eritrea’s state-owned Eri TV, has been held since October 2006 in a prison camp in the south of the country, where he is serving a sentence of five years of forced labour for trying to cross the border into Ethiopia, Reporters Without Borders has learned from a former prison interrogator who fled the country a year ago.“The intolerance and cruelty of the Eritrean authorities must not go unremarked,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Daniel Kibrom disappeared into the oblivion of a prison camp hell created by President Issaias Afeworki and his aides with the approval of acting information minister Ali Abdu, who often talks to the international press. We ask him to publicly tell the personnel under his responsibility and the foreign media what he knows about the fate of his ministry’s missing employees.”Daniel, who worked for Eri TV’s Oromo-language service, was arrested by Eritrean border guards in a desert zone near the southern town of Senafe as he and three other people were trying to flee the country on foot. All four were taken to Ala Bazit, one of five prison camps in the so-called “Zone 3.” One of the people who interrogated him, a member of a counter-espionage service, fled the country in September 2007 and met with Reporters Without Borders in Addis Ababa earlier this month. He said Daniel was “sentenced” to five years of forced labour by the military hierarchy and is still at the Ala Bazit prison camp, where he has to work in nearby fields or quarries and “sometimes on private farms owned by generals or by ruling party allies.”Run by Commando Unit No. 525, Ala Bazit is located in the middle of a desert behind the Ala mountains, on the road between Dekemhare and Massawa. Occupying the site of a former military training camp built by the US military in 1996, it consists of three groups of huts with corrugated sheet metal roofs that are surrounded by large brambles and overseen by three watchtowers.Three metal drums in the courtyard serve as latrines. Around 50 soldiers guard the 300 prisoners and interrogations are carried out by members of the “Third Operational Zone” counter-espionage section.Barefoot and wearing beige overalls, the prisoners are fed a lentil soup twice a day. At night they are shut up in windowless cells four metres by four metres in size, with about 20 or 25 detainees to each cell, where they sleep crammed together on plastic sheets on the floor. As they are not let out of the cells at night, anyone needing to urinate must use one of the plastic recipients hanging from the ceiling on a piece string. Prisoners who die while at the camp are buried in the cemetery of a military hospital in a nearby locality.The former prison interrogator told Reporters Without Borders that Ali Abdu, the acting information minister, was notified by telephone that Kibrom, one of his ministry’s employees, had been brought to the camp.The Kibrom case means the number of verifiable cases of detained Eritrean journalists or information ministry employees now stands at 18. According to the information obtained by Reporters Without Borders, at least four of the 10 journalists who were arrested in the course of a round-up of government critics in September 2001 died subsequently in Eiraeiro high-security prison camp in the north-east of the country. They include the famous co-founder of the weekly Setit, Fessehaye “Joshua” Yohannes. EritreaAfrica Organisation Follow the news on Eritrea News RSF_en Help by sharing this information April 14, 2021 Find out more News Receive email alerts Daniel Kibrom, a journalist employed by Eritrea’s state-owned Eri TV, has been held since October 2006 in a prison camp in the south of the country, where he is serving a sentence of five years of forced labour for trying to cross the border into Ethiopia, Reporters Without Borders has learned from a former prison interrogator who fled the country a year ago. Swedish prosecutors again refuse to investigate Dawit Isaak case October 27, 2020 Find out more Prisoner of Conscience Since 2001 – Why has Sweden not managed to bring Dawit Isaak home? January 13, 2021 Find out more News Reports EritreaAfrica to go further October 30, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 State TV journalist secretly sentenced in 2006 to five years of forced labour
Top Stories’Banks Not Passing Benefits Of Multiple Cuts In Policy Rates To Customers’: Plea In SC Seeks Extension Of RBI Loan Moratorium, Fixation Of Lending Rates LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK7 Aug 2020 7:02 AMShare This – xA writ petition has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking the extension of the loan moratorium announced by the Reserve Bank of India beyond August 31 for a period of 18 months.The petition filed by Coimbatore Jewellery Manufacturers Association also seeks a direction to the RBI to fix the lending rates of banks by contending that “banks have failed to pass on the benefits of reduced rates…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA writ petition has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking the extension of the loan moratorium announced by the Reserve Bank of India beyond August 31 for a period of 18 months.The petition filed by Coimbatore Jewellery Manufacturers Association also seeks a direction to the RBI to fix the lending rates of banks by contending that “banks have failed to pass on the benefits of reduced rates of interest to their customers despite multiple cuts in policy rates (repo, reverse repo and bank rate) made by RBI”.It was on March 27 that the RBI Governor, Shaktikanta Das, announced the decision allowing banks and lending institutions to allow moratorium for term loans from March 1 to May 31. On May 22, the moratorium period was further extended till August 31.The writ petition filed Coimbatore Jewellery Manufacturers Association states that the economy is yet to recover from the losses inflicted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the nationwide lockdown. It is pointed out that several regions of the country continue to be under lockdown.”Thus, most businesses, including those of the members of the Petitioner association have not been able to restart operations. The crisis has worsened because of workers employed by the members of the Petitioner association, shifting back to their home states.The Petitioners submit that periodic extensions in the moratorium period will lead to further economic uncertainty and speculation. It is in this background that the Petitioners seek a direction that Respondent No.2, fix the moratorium period to 18 months”, reads the plea filed through Advocate Pranjal Kishore.Benefits of reduction in policy rates not passed on to the customersAnother issue highlighted in the petition is regarding the non-reduction of lending rates by the banks in proportion with the cutting down of policy rates by the Reserve Bank of India.It is pointed out that the repo, reverse repo and bank rates have been reduced on 5 separate occasions since 2019. The repo rate was reduced by a total of 135 basis points in 2019. These reductions in policy rates have been accompanied by a reduction in the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (“SLR”). The SLR which stood at 19.25% in April, 2019 has now been reduced to 18%.The following table is incorporated in the petition to highlight the issue:”It is clear from a bare perusal of the above, that banks have not reduced interest rates in accordance with the reduction in policy rates by the Respondent No.2. As such, even though Respondent No.2 has reduced these rates in order to provide succour to citizens, it is banks that have profited from these reductions”, the plea states. Despite the repo rate, the reverse repo rate and the bank rate being the lowest ever, there has been no corresponding decline in the rate of interest on loans given out by banks.It is pointed out that the Ministry of Finance had issued a directive in September 2019 “to link all new floating rate personal or retail loans (housing, auto, etc.) and floating rate loans to Micro and Small Enterprises extended by banks with effect from October 01, 2019 to external benchmarks.” These external benchmarks include the repo rate, government of India treasury bill yield etc. The petitioner laments that despite this directive, banks have failed to reduce interest rates of even floating interest rate loans.The petition states that the RBI has the power to fix the lending rates as per Section 21 and 35A of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.The petitioner submits that the power to issue directions under Section 21 and 35-A is coupled with the duty to act in the public interest.”It is humbly submitted that the Reserve Bank of India has taken various policy decisions in order to reduce the rate of interest on loans advanced by banking companies. However, the benefits of these decisions have not percolated to citizens, because of banks failing to reduce the rates of interest on advances. It is thus submitted that this is a fit case for the Respondent No.2 to exercise its powers under Section 21 read with Section 35A of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 in order to fix the rate of interest at which loans are advanced by banking companies”, the plea states.The plea also seeks waiver of levy on interest during the moratorium period. The accrual of interest defeats the purpose of Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), states the petition.On July 27, a bench comprising Justices Ashok Bhushan, R Subhash Reddy and M R Shah issued notice on the petition. The petition has been tagged along with the batch case challenging the levy of interest during the moratorium period and will be taken up next on August 28.Senior Advocate Sanjay Hegde appeared for the petitioner. Next Story
Abstract The englacial stratigraphic architecture of internal reﬂection horizons (IRHs) as imaged by ice‐penetrating radar (IPR) across ice sheets reﬂects the cumulative effects of surface mass balance, basal melt,andice ﬂow.IRHs,consideredisochrones,havetypicallybeentracedininterior,slow‐ﬂowingregions. Here, we identify three distinctive IRHs spanning the Institute and Möller catchments that cover 50% of West Antarctica’s Weddell Sea Sector and are characterized by a complex system of ice stream tributaries. WeplaceageconstraintsonIRHsthroughtheirintersectionswithpreviousgeophysicalsurveystiedtoByrd IceCoreandbyage‐depthmodeling.Wefurthershowwheretheoldesticelikelyexistswithintheregionand that Holocene ice‐dynamic changes were limited to the catchment’s lower reaches. The traced IRHs from this study have clear potential to nucleate a wider continental‐scale IRH database for validating ice sheet models. Plain Language Summary Ice‐penetrating radar is widely used to measure the thickness of ice sheets, critical to assessments of global sea level rise potential. This technique also captures reﬂections fromchemicalcontrastswithintheicesheet,causedbytheatmosphericdepositionofconductiveimpurities, knownas “internalreﬂectionhorizons” (IRHs)thatcanbetracedoverlargedistances.Asthese depositsare laid down in distinct events, most IRHs are isochronous age tracers and contain valuable information on past ice sheet processes. In this paper we trace and place age constraints on stratigraphic horizons across a large portion of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, including regions where fast ice ﬂow has disrupted the ice sheet stratigraphy. The resulting data set allows us to identify where the oldest ice is buried in the study region and provides evidence that ﬂow of the ice sheet interior has been stable during the Holocene. Our results can be used to test the performance of ice sheet models, which seek to simulate the response of ice sheets to long‐term environmental change.