Stock market crash 2020: Why I’d buy these cheap UK shares now while I have the chance

first_img Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Kevin Godbold | Wednesday, 28th October, 2020 5 Stocks For Trying To Build Wealth After 50 Markets around the world are reeling from the coronavirus pandemic…And with so many great companies trading at what look to be ‘discount-bin’ prices, now could be the time for savvy investors to snap up some potential bargains.But whether you’re a newbie investor or a seasoned pro, deciding which stocks to add to your shopping list can be daunting prospect during such unprecedented times.Fortunately, The Motley Fool is here to help: our UK Chief Investment Officer and his analyst team have short-listed five companies that they believe STILL boast significant long-term growth prospects despite the global lock-down…You see, here at The Motley Fool we don’t believe “over-trading” is the right path to financial freedom in retirement; instead, we advocate buying and holding (for AT LEAST three to five years) 15 or more quality companies, with shareholder-focused management teams at the helm.That’s why we’re sharing the names of all five of these companies in a special investing report that you can download today for FREE. If you’re 50 or over, we believe these stocks could be a great fit for any well-diversified portfolio, and that you can consider building a position in all five right away. The stock market crash of 2020 doesn’t seem to have finished yet. Yesterday, there was a big move down in the American stock market and the FTSE 100 index looks weak now.Maybe further falls will come. It looks like the main thing worrying investors is the resurgence of Covid-19 infections around the world. And that’s understandable because the lockdowns in the spring damaged the world economy and caused the FTSE 100 to plunge below 5,000. The big fear could be that the index may revisit those levels again if governments impose further lockdowns.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…How I’d take advantage of the stock market crash of 2020With all that doom and gloom around, I admit the last thing I feel like doing is investing money in the stock market. But that’s my emotions talking to me. My rational mind, on the other hand, knows that some of the best investments I’ve ever made felt uncertain in the beginning.And, of course, great and successful investors such as Warren Buffett in the US are well known for buying shares in good businesses when the market is marking the price down. Indeed, buying at smart, lower prices can prove to be a lucrative move if recovery and growth drive the underlying business in the years that follow.Indeed, operational progress can cause share prices to rise to reflect the rising value in a business. But, on top of that, valuation multiples, such as the price-to-earnings rating, can increase in the good times too. And that’s a potential double boost for shares in my portfolio if I’ve bought them at lower prices.One way of getting decent exposure to the potential in the stock market is to buy collective funds. I’d go for managed funds and investment trusts. But I also reckon low-cost tracker funds are good vehicles for compounding wealth over time. Indeed, many funds have the option to accumulate dividends, which means the dividend income is automatically ploughed back in. If I do that, those dividends could be a big driver of my returns over time.Targeting smoother annualised returnsMeanwhile, I reckon two things could help me to deal with the possibility that the markets may fall further before they recover. The first is to adopt a long-term perspective. Indeed, 20 years from now, my guess is today’s weakness will hardly show in my record of annualised returns. The second is to invest money regularly so I can take advantage of the process of pound-cost averaging. For example, if the stock markets fall, I’ll get more units for my money, if they rise, I won’t be investing everything near the top.But I’m also keen to include the shares of individual companies in my portfolio. If I choose carefully, there’s a chance the returns from great stocks will outperform the general market. And in the current environment where many stocks are falling in price, I’d be most tempted by businesses with defensive, cash-producing operations such as GlaxoSmithKline, Diageo, Cranswick, Britvic, and AG Barr. I reckon a basket of shares like those could serve me well over the next 20 years. Click here to claim your free copy of this special investing report now! Kevin Godbold has no position in any share mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended AG Barr, Britvic, Diageo, and GlaxoSmithKline. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Enter Your Email Addresscenter_img Stock market crash 2020: Why I’d buy these cheap UK shares now while I have the chance Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Kevin Godbold Image source: Getty Images. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement.last_img read more

Objekt 254 / Meier Architekten

first_imgShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Projects “COPY” CopyHouses•Uitikon, Switzerland Objekt 254 / Meier Architekten Products used in this ProjectDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame ClassicSave this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenText description provided by the architects. My architecture should provide quality, comfort, and design enabling the highest quality of life”. These words spoken by the architect Egon Meier perfectly apply to the object number 254. This is a family residence newly built in the Zürich area of Switzerland. According to the office of Meier architects the client is always the centre of focus when designing any architectural space. According to their philosophy object 254 offers very spacious living in an almost sculptural composition.Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenFrom the outside the building presents a clean white facade with large glass windows. This creates a strong connection between inside and outside. A terrace, partly covered is located on the first floor which can be enjoyed all year round. It also offers a fine view of the garden and pool area. Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenSave this picture!Plan 1Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenOn the inside the lines are straight, pure and reduced to a minimal form. Particular attention has been given to the functionality of all rooms. The kitchen, dining and living rooms are conveniently interconnected to facilitate communication and entertainment.Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenSave this picture!Plan 2Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenMaterials and colors are based on nature. Wood, stone and natural brown ceramic tiles shape this dwelling and create a welcoming and warm yet elegant ensemble.Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier ArchitektenProject gallerySee allShow lessVideo: Gifu Media Cosmos by Toyo ItoVideosAD Classics: Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art / Steven Holl ArchitectsArchitecture Classics Share Save this picture!Courtesy of Meier Architekten+ 22 Share Objekt 254 / Meier ArchitektenSave this projectSaveObjekt 254 / Meier Architekten “COPY” Architects: Meier Architekten Year Completion year of this architecture project Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Manufacturers: Sky-Frame, Securiton AG, Amos Garten AG, Brunner Küchen AG, Dema AG, Felix + CO AG, Loureiro Crespo AG Products translation missing: Year:  CopyAbout this officeMeier ArchitektenOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesUitikonSwitzerlandPublished on April 19, 2016Cite: “Objekt 254 / Meier Architekten” 19 Apr 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseLouvers / ShuttersTechnowoodSunshade SystemsFaucetsDornbrachtKitchen Fittings – EnoWoodSculptformTimber Tongue and Groove CladdingMembranesEffisusFaçade Fire Weatherproofing Solutions in Design District Project LondonHanging LampsLouis PoulsenPendant Lights – KeglenBlinds / Mosquito Nets / CurtainsBANDALUXPleated ShadesEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAWoodBlumer LehmannCNC Production for Wood ProjectsMaterials / Construction SystemsCaneplex DesignPoles – Tonkin BambooFibre Cement / ConcreteTegralFibre Cement Slate Roofing – Thrutone Endurance SmoothMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?瑞士254号住宅/ Meier Architekten是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Switzerland ArchDaily Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project 2014last_img read more

Amnesty’s appeal causes concern

 15 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Amnesty International UK’s current direct mail appeal has upset a few members. It is a powerful attempt to convey their campaign against “the inadequacy of the Saudi Arabian judicial system”. It certainly succeeded in making our heart miss a beat when it arrived this week.Read Amnesty upsets members with shock tactics by Vikram Dodd at The Guardian. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 8 August 2000 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Amnesty’s appeal causes concern Advertisement read more

Labor, community vs. Wisconsin anti-union bill

first_imgProtesters inside the Wisconsin State Capitol on Feb. 28.Photo: Ben HerrenbruckMarch 2 — As of this writing, the battle is raging in Wisconsin to defeat the misnamed “right to work” legislation. Workers and community members are packing the Capitol to testify to the Labor Committee of the State Assembly. This resistance is a continuation of protest actions over the past week in which thousands of workers and community members statewide are demanding: “Shut down RTW!”On Feb. 28, at a protest of thousands at the state Capitol here, Stephanie Bloom­ing­dale, secretary-treasurer of the Wisconsin AFL-CIO, called on all workers and community members to come to the Capitol in the coming week to stop the Wisconsin State Assembly from voting for a “right to work” bill.“We are not going anywhere. We need to stay all day and all week,” said Bloomingdale. After she spoke, Phil Neuenfeldt, president of the Wisconsin AFL-CIO, said, “Let’s pack the gallery. Let’s pack the Capitol.”Many labor and community supporters participated in the Feb. 28 protest, including Fight for $15 activists trying to raise the minimum wage, youth, seniors, women, the lesbian-gay-bi-trans-queer community, environmentalists, faculty, students and the Black Lives Matter movement. Chants of “What’s disgusting? Union busting” and “Shut it down” were heard inside and on the streets around the Capitol.Speaking inside the Capitol, Eric Upchurch II of the Young, Gifted and Black coalition said, “We are in solidarity. There are so many forms of state violence and ‘right to work’ is one of them. Mass incarceration and poverty are state violence. We have to see the commonality of our struggles. We can and will stand together and fight.”The deceptively named RTW bill really means the right to work for less, because it would seriously weaken workers’ unions and thereby destroy communities by making it hard for unions to collect dues.On Feb. 25, the Wisconsin State Senate passed an RTW bill on a “fast track” after shutting down a public comment session the day before. Of those who registered comments at the public session, 1,751 were opposed to RTW and 25 for — proof of overwhelming public opposition to RTW. But the Wall Street politician majority in the legislature are moving forward.The RTW bill must now be passed by the majority of the State Assembly before going to Gov. Scott Walker, an unabashed enemy of labor who has said he’ll sign RTW legislation if it comes before him.The Wisconsin AFL-CIO expects the Assembly to vote on the RTW bill on March 5.‘RTW is another form of brutal austerity’“This right-to-work-for-less legislation jeopardizes the future living standards of all workers, organized and unorganized, especially workers and communities of color, women and the LGBTQ community,” said Tommy Cavanaugh of Fight Imperialism, Stand Together (FIST) in Rockford, Ill. “RTW is yet another form of brutal, Greece-like austerity coming from Wall Street and being enacted by bought-and-paid-for politicians.“As a young low-wage worker, I demand a future for my generation, those before us and after us. We didn’t stop resisting in 2011 when we occupied the Capitol with hundreds of thousands to fight Act 10, and we won’t stop now. We will fight to shut down RTW. And whatever the outcome of this battle, we will continue building a fighting global people’s movement to shut down capitalism once and for all.”Cavanaugh participated in a FIST, Workers World Party and Wisconsin Bail Out the People Movement delegation Feb. 25 to protest RTW at the state Capitol.A series of events is being organized by the Wisconsin AFL-CIO and the Defeat “Right To Work” in Wisconsin coalition, with the support of numerous labor, community and youth/student organizations.On March 4, a Students and Workers, Unite and Fight! Solidarity Rally Against “Right to Work” protest will take place at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. On March 5, a Fill the Capitol! Shut down “Right to Work!” protest will begin at 8 a.m. at the state Capitol.For event information, updates and resources to fight RTW:;;; nFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Italian communist discusses European imperialism

first_imgAlessio Arena, secretary general of the Italian communist group Fronte Popolare (Popular Front), spoke to a full house at the Solidarity Center in Manhattan on Sept. 5 about the role of European imperialism in the world and the central role of German imperialism in controlling the direction of the European Union.Alessio Arena (right) holding Fronte Popolare banner, with some of the audience at Sept. 5 forum.For U.S.-based anti-imperialists it was educational to examine the role of imperialism from a perspective that doesn’t place Washington at the center of every struggle, despite the predominant military role of the Pentagon in the world.As Arena pointed out, the EU is the largest single economic market in the world. It plays a reactionary and oppressive role in Africa and Central Asia, sometimes allied to the U.S. and sometimes in competition with the U.S., but always against the interests of the working class and all oppressed nations.One example Arena gave of the competition is the EU countries’ push to continue the pact reached with Iran regarding nuclear arms at a time when the current U.S. government has broken that pact. Another was his description of the complex relationship of German imperialism with capitalist Russia.Much of the Sept. 5 talk can be read in an article by Arena published in the Sept. 5 Workers World (read online at World Party and the Freedom Road Socialist Organization, both of which have fraternal relations with Fronte Popolare, sponsored the meeting. Arena thanked both organizations and expressed the wish to continue to share experiences. He expects that all the experiences of organizations with communist goals in this difficult post-Soviet period will be useful in building a new movement striving for socialism and communism worldwide.FRSO member Michela Martinazzi introduced Arena, while Blair Bertaccini provided consecutive interpretation of Arena’s talk from Italian to English. Sara Flounders of WWP added an announcement about the many public demonstrations planned for late September at the United Nations, particularly those in mass response to the climate crisis. Richard Kossally chaired the meeting.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Police informer tries to implicate dissident journalist

first_img October 12, 2018 Find out more March 24, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Police informer tries to implicate dissident journalist May 6, 2020 Find out more Help by sharing this information Cuba and its Decree Law 370: annihilating freedom of expression on the Internet CubaAmericas CubaAmericas October 15, 2020 Find out more Follow the news on Cuba RSF_en Newscenter_img Organisation New press freedom predators elected to UN Human Rights Council Receive email alerts to go further News Reporters Without Borders voiced outrage today at an attempt to implicate journalist María Elena Alpízar Ariosa of the independent news agency Grupo de Trabajo Decoro in an imaginary crime on 17 March in Placetas in the central province of Santa Clara.”This scheme bears all the hallmarks of the Cuban political police”, the press freedom organization said. “When they are not in prison or under house arrest, Cuban journalists are often the victims of this kind of harassment. It is regrettable that yet again the instigators of this kind of ploy enjoy complete impunity while a mere subordinate gets all the blame.”Cubanet said that when Alpízar returned home at around 11 a.m. on 17 March and opened her door, she found a blood-spattered machete lying on her floor. Suspecting a trap by the political police, she did not enter. Instead she alerted her neighbours and phoned the local police, who did come to her house.A group of dissidents reported the case to the regional office of the National Revolutionary Police (PNR) and obtained an interview with a Captain Julio of the State Security Department. Julio said he knew nothing. Bertha Antúnez, a member of the dissident group, phoned Santa Clara mayor Rubén Álvarez, who said he would order an investigation.The dissidents then went to Alpízar’s home where a known PNR informer by the name of José Ramón Valdés Ortuela turned up and declared himself to be guilty of theft and of illegally killing a farm animal. Valdés was arrested.Three of the 21 journalists who have been in prison since the March 2003 crackdown are members of the Grupo de Trabajo Decoro news agency. The three are Héctor Maseda Gutiérrez (serving a 20-year prison sentence), Omar Moisés Ruiz Hernández (18 years) and José Ubaldo Izquierdo Hernández (16 years). News RSF and Fundamedios welcome US asylum ruling in favor of Cuban journalist Serafin Moran Santiago Newslast_img read more

Ex-paramilitaries attack journalists again with machetes

first_img Follow the news on Guatemala News GuatemalaAmericas Reporters Without Borders today condemned an attack on three journalists by former members of the paramilitary Civilian Self-Defence Patrols (PAC) yesterday in the northeastern Chiquimula region, the second attack on journalists by ex-paramilitaries using machetes in four months.”We call for the punishment of those responsible so that this kind of violence does not recur and journalists are free to cover local events without fearing for their lives,” the press freedom organisation said.Rolando Hernández and Arnulfo Ortiz of Vanguardia Informativa and Edwin Paxtor of the television programme TV Enfasis were attacked while covering a demonstration by former PAC members demanding more government “compensation” for the help they gave the army during the 1960-1996 civil war.The demonstrators hit them with machetes, chased them and took their equipment. Hernández received a machete blow to the head and was hit on other parts of his body with sticks. Other reporters working for national media were also chased. The victims held ex-PAC leader Víctor Hugo Argueta Corado responsible.Ewin Silva of the TV station Telediario, his cameraman, Carlos García, and Carla Solórzano of Radio Universidad also received machete blows in a similar outbreak of violence during a demonstration by former paramilitaries in Guatemala City in March. News May 8, 2020 Find out more Guatemala: 51 Signatories Call For Authorities To Drop Criminal Charges Against Indigenous Journalist Anastasia Mejía GuatemalaAmericas to go further Receive email alerts Organisation center_img RSF_en Help by sharing this information Guatemala. Don’t put the Guatemalan press in quarantine! August 21, 2020 Find out more Red alert for green journalism – 10 environmental reporters killed in five years News July 12, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Ex-paramilitaries attack journalists again with machetes January 7, 2021 Find out more Newslast_img read more

Life of journalist Iqbal Athas in danger after his revelations about purchase of Ukrainian Migs

first_img News January 13, 2021 Find out more Sri LankaAsia – Pacific Organisation to go further August 29, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Life of journalist Iqbal Athas in danger after his revelations about purchase of Ukrainian Migs News Sri Lanka: tamil reporter held on absurd terrorism charge Follow the news on Sri Lanka News RSF_en center_img News Sri Lanka: RSF signs joint statement on attacks against human rights defenders, lawyers and journalists Reporters Without Borders today voiced deep concern about the safety of top investigative journalist Iqbal Athas and his colleagues on the Sunday Times whom sectors of the army are trying to gag or kill after he made startling revelations about Sri Lanka’s purchase of Mig-27 fighter jets from Ukraine.The worldwide press freedom organisation urged European and US embassies to do their utmost to protect Athas, after receiving an email from the journalist in which he said he feared for his life and had gone into hiding for fear of attack.”President Mahinda Rajapaksa and his brother, Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, will be held personally responsible by the journalist community for anything that happens to Iqbal Athas and his colleagues on the press group that publishes the Sunday Times and Lankadeepa,” the organisation said.”This senior defence specialist has been the victim of several previous attacks and death threats and now finds himself again the target of some members of the government and the army. The head of state should order the speedy restoration of Iqbal Athas’s security and an investigation should be launched to identify those behind latest threats against him and some of his colleagues,” it said.”The fact that the journalist has already stopped writing his defence column is already a setback for press freedom in Sri Lanka” it concluded.Government supporters held a protest outside Athas’s Colombo home on 27 August in the name of a hitherto unknown organisation calling itself “People’s organisation to safeguard true journalist”. Around 50 people brandished banners condemning him.A report on the News 1st channel showed that most of the demonstrators did not even know the journalist’s name, pronouncing it “Athaus” and “Arthal”. Sri Lankan journalist organisations slammed this parody of a demonstration, clearly organised by the authorities and putting Athas in serious danger.In the evening of 27 August, a man who introduced himself as an officer in the Air Force turned up at the offices of the press group publishing the Sunday Times and Lankadeepa. Several witnesses told Reporters Without Borders that he made a death threat against journalist W. G. Gunaratne who translates Iqbal Athas’s articles into Sinhala for the newspaper Lankadeepa. Clearly frightened, Gunaratne declined to confirm the threats and even told several dailies to publish a denial in their tomorrow’s editions. “He didn’t even dare look us in the eye,” one journalist on the paper said.Overnight on 18 August, police removed without warning the permanent security around Athas’s home, which had been in place since 1998. Three days before, on 15 August, the Defence Ministry withdrew special forces police who had protected him since 1998 while going about his work.Athas revealed in reports published on 12 and 19 August that the Ukrainian government had launched an investigation following the sale of Mig-27 fighter jets to Sri Lanka in extremely disturbing circumstances. The beneficiary of the Sri Lankan payments was an unknown company based in London without a proper business address. The revelations confirmed an earlier investigation carried out by Athas and published in December 2006 on the highly controversial purchase of second-hand planes by Sri Lanka at an exorbitant price. As well as being editorial consultant of the Sunday Times, Iqbal Athas contributes to Jane’s Defence Weekly and CNN. He was awarded the 1994 prize of the Committee to protect Journalists. Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information July 29, 2020 Find out more Sri LankaAsia – Pacific Sri Lanka: Journalist manhandled by notorious police inspector currently on trial July 15, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Simon completes acquisition of high-end mall owner Taubman

first_imgShare via Shortlink But when malls shuttered and retail revenue plummeted due to the pandemic, Simon attempted to back out of the deal, claiming that Taubman did not sufficiently mitigate the impact the health crisis had on its business.Taubman, which operates high-end malls throughout the country, countered by saying it would sue Simon and force the company to complete the merger.The two companies agreed to the current arrangement in November, allowing them to avoid litigation over the initial botched agreement. Taubman also agreed to sell for a lower price, which gave Simon an approximately 20 percent discount in the deal.Contact Sasha Jones Full Name* TagsCommercial Real EstateReal Estate MergersRetail Real Estate David Simon of Simon Property Group and Robert Taubman of Taubman Centers (Getty, iStock)After a tumultuous process, Simon Property Group has completed its acquisition of Taubman Realty Group.Under the merger agreement, which was made official Tuesday, Simon acquired an 80 percent ownership stake in the company. The Taubman family sold off about a third of its ownership interest, but will retain a 20 percent stake in the company.“We are very pleased to complete this transaction and to add some of the world’s premier retail assets to our portfolio,” CEO David Simon said in a press release.The two companies have danced around a deal for years, with Simon first attempting a hostile takeover of Taubman in 2003. They reached an agreement in February in which Simon would have paid $52.50 per share for its stake.Read moreSimon and Taubman reach a new merger deal Simon axes $3.6B Taubman buySimon and Taubman gear up for legal throwdowncenter_img Message* Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Email Address*last_img read more

Changes in Antarctic Peninsula tropospheric temperatures from 1956 to 1999: a synthesis of observations and reanalysis data

first_imgThe surface warming at Faraday station in the western Antarctic Peninsula is one of the largest observed anywhere over the last 50 years, yet the physical mechanisms driving this climate change are poorly understood. In this paper we synthesize radiosonde temperature observations from three Peninsula stations and NCEP-NCAR reanalysis data in order to examine contemporaneous regional tropospheric temperature trends (1956-99), which may in turn help us to understand better the causes of the surface warming. The reanalysis data are utilized in two ways: (i) to provide long-term mean monthly offsets between Faraday, which ceased radiosonde observations in 1982, and two other stations in the region having more recent data, Bellingshausen and Marambio, in order to create post-1982 simulated Faraday data; (ii) after having any spurious trends and bias removed, to provide directly a monthly value for Faraday when no equivalent value from regional observations is available. Using available months of overlap, a comparison between temperature observations and simulated data suggests that the latter are a reasonable facsimile of the former. The synthesized time-series of tropospheric temperatures reveal a statistically significant mean annual tropospheric (850-300 hPa) warming above Faraday between 1956 and 1999 of similar to0.027 +/- 0.022degreesC year(-1). Winter and summer both show a warming trend, with significance varying with height and season. Annually, the mean tropospheric warming is half that at the surface, Unlike the surface warming, the calculated tropospheric warming trend is no greater than observed at other Antarctic stations, and indeed is not significantly greater than the background global warming trend for most of the period examined. Thus, we cannot dismiss the possibility that the Peninsula surface warming may simply be a response to a global warming magnified by the observed strong regional feedback between sea-ice extent and surface temperature during winter.last_img read more