“Mistletoe berries (which are fleshy and soft) are deadly but can simply be removed before bringing the greenery indoors,” he said. “Holly, yew and juniper berries can make you very ill if you eat a great many. However, the taste is so unappealing that this rarely happens. One berry or two won’t harm people or pets.”But nobody would want to risk having a sick child or pet during the holidays. So Thomas recommends placing any greenery with berries out of children’s reach.”If you have a wreath on a door or greenery on the mantel, you should be fine,” he said.Keep an eye out for berries that happen to fall onto the floor. They can be irresistible to small children. Dogs and cats usually leave the berries alone.When it comes to Christmas trees, Todd Hurt says nature may have made your cut tree or live tree decision for you this year.”Cut Christmas trees would be my recommendation this year,” said Hurt, a program coordinator at the UGA Center for Urban Agriculture. “Even though we’re getting a few sporadic rains now, it may not be enough to get live trees established in the landscape by next summer.”Remember, too, that dried greenery can be a fire hazard.”All plant material, once it dries out, is flammable,” Thomas said. “Christmas tree boughs are the most flammable. Common sense dictates that we don’t place candles in arrangements of dried woodland materials.”Keep pine branches wet and use them just before your holiday events for the same reason you cut Christmas trees fresh and keep watering them. There are products available that you can spray on the leaves and stems to make them less flammable.”It takes about 10 days for untreated woodland materials to dry out,” Thomas said. “Hopefully, by then, the holiday season’s over and you can make them into compost.” By Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaIf you’re gathering your own vines or berries for holiday wreaths, do it carefully.Grape and kudzu vines make great wreath framing, said University of Georgia expert Paul Thomas. “But when people are pulling down vines from a tree,” he said, “they often make the mistake of grabbing poison ivy vines and mixing them in the wreath.”Most people looking for decorative vines look for the finger wide ones that become bendable when soaked in warm water. “Middle sections of poison ivy vine fit that description,” said Thomas, a UGA Cooperative Extension horticulturist.Grapevines have long, flaky bark and may have remnants of a single tendril every so often. Woody kudzu vines are smooth all the way to the base. The base of poison ivy vines look “hairy,” with “hundreds of tiny, root like things attaching to the tree or rock.”Left outside, where the oils are inert, poison ivy vines can be relatively harmless. “But when they get inside and get warm,” Thomas said, “the oil can volatilize or be released from the vines. That’s when everyone in the home gets poison ivy.”The best way to tell the difference, he said, is to get a good botanical book. Study how the vines look in your area. Make sure you can tell the difference. Many Web sites have images that can help you identify woody vines.Thomas says 99.9 percent of plants in holiday decorations aren’t deadly. But you still need to be cautious if you have kids or pets. A good rule is that if the berry is fleshy and soft, such as a grape, remove it. If it’s hard or very firm, keep it.
By Sharon DowdyUniversity of GeorgiaCorn and soybeans are excellent crops for use in ethanol and biodiesel production, but chickens, cows and people like to eat the crops, too. University of Georgia engineers are searching for non-food crops that can be used to make alternative fuels.The oilseed radish is one crop that could be used to produce biodiesel in Georgia, said Dan Geller, a biological engineer with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.Canadian cover cropThe radish is widely grown in Canada as a cover crop, or one that is planted to improve the soil and prevent erosion in fields. But it isn’t typically grown for food.Its seed is about 40 percent oil by weight, said Nicholas Chammoun, a CAES graduate student working with Geller. This makes it an excellent candidate for the biodiesel market. For his research, Chammoun had oilseed radish seeds crushed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Peanut Research Laboratory. The oil was then converted into biodiesel by the CAES biological and agricultural engineering department.“This sounds like a short and easy process,” he said. “But it actually took a long time since there was very little data on converting oilseed radish oil to biodiesel.”Engine-testedNext, he had to prove the new biodiesel would actually work in diesel engines and perform as well or better than No. 2 diesel and other existing biodiesels.The oilseed radish biodiesel passed the engine tests, performing much like No. 2 diesel, he said.With the help of the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, Chammoun determined whether farmers would benefit economically from growing the crop.“No matter the crop, it will take land to produce it,” said John McKissick, director of the center. “It’s still a battle for food production over fuel production on the same limited land. In Georgia, food is still more economically viable.”The economic research data on the radish as a biodiesel crop was also used to assess its economic potential as a Georgia cover crop. “They would harvest in the spring, and the crop would also protect the soil in the winter,” Geller said. Roots aerate soilAnd as a cover crop, its extra-long tap root breaks up and aerates soil and draws up nutrients for the following crop, or one grown for food or fiber.Georgia farmers could grow peanuts and cotton in the summer months and follow with a crop of oilseed radish in the fall.“Oilseed radish isn’t grown for the food market, but it can be grown for the fuel market,” Geller said. “And it can be grown cheaper with a greater oil yield per dollar than soybean, and with lower inputs.”The economic evaluation showed the oilseed radish had potential to be an economically viable crop for Georgia, McKissick said. But more research is needed to determine the yield and costs of producing the crop. Crushers neededGeller calls the university’s research results promising but notes there is one large missing piece to the puzzle. “We can get the seed, and the agronomic data is available,” he said. “The farmers just need someone to crush the seed. The big kicker is which comes first, the farmer or the crusher?”Crushers are companies that process seeds to extract oil.If crushers are found, Geller says Georgia farmers could begin growing these new crops in a few years. CAES researchers are also studying the use of algae, switchgrass and sunflower as oil sources for biodiesel production.
March is usually the time of year that local garden centers begin major advertising campaigns to sell lawn fertilizers. But depending on the type of grass you have, it may be too early to start fertilizing your lawn. In general, the best time to fertilize a lawn is when it is actively growing. Fescue should be fed in the fallFescue lawns and other cool-season grasses that don’t go dormant should be fertilized in the fall (October) and spring (March). Most other lawns, including bermudagrass, zoysia, centipede and other warm-season grasses that go dormant in winter, should not be fertilized until late spring through mid-summer (May to August). Fertilizing now would be a waste of time and money. Why shouldn’t you fertilize warm-season grasses when they are dormant? First, when grasses are dormant, their roots are not able to absorb or use the nutrients from fertilizers. By the time the grass does begin actively growing, most of the nitrogen you applied will have been lost from the soil. Don’t feed the weedsAlso, fertilizing while the grass is dormant actually encourages more winter weeds, because you are fertilizing the weeds instead of the lawn. Without competition from the lawn, these weeds will grow faster and become more prolific as a result of dormant fertilizer applications. Lastly, fertilizing lawns during their transition into dormancy in the fall or out of dormancy in the spring may encourage lawn growth that is more likely to be injured from winter kill. Bare spots and thinning of the lawn as well as delay in spring green-up may occur when lawns are forced to grow when they should be dormant.Combo products not the answerSo, should you apply convenient “weed and feed” products that combine a pre-emergent herbicide and fertilizer in one application? Unfortunately, the ideal time to apply a pre-emergent herbicide actually contradicts the ideal time to apply fertilizer for warm-season lawns. These products are intended for fescue and other cool-season grasses. In north Georgia, the recommended application window is Sept. 1-15 and March 1-20 to maximize the effectiveness of pre-emergent herbicides. The application timing for these products is critical since they must be applied before annual weeds germinate in spring and fall. It’s always better to apply pre-emergent herbicidess a little earlier rather than too late. And don’t forget to activate them by watering them into the lawn. For bermudagrass and other warm-season grasses, buy fertilizer that is separate from the pre-emergent herbicide. Apply each at their recommended times.Start with a soil testA soil test is always a good starting point before investing in fertilizer or lime. Your local University of Georgia County Extension office can test your soil and provide an exact pH and nutrient analysis with recommendations on how much fertilizer and lime to apply, if any is needed. Contact your local Extension office by calling 1-800-ASK-UGA1. A soil test kit can also be ordered online at www.soiltest123.com
Mediterranean people eat healthy. Following their culinary tastes may reduce anyone’s risk for diseases, says a University of Georgia expert. “The Mediterranean diet is based on the food habits of people living in countries that grow food locally and eat few highly processed foods,” said Connie Crawley, a nutrition specialist with UGA Cooperative Extension. “Because of the high amounts of vitamins and minerals and low amounts of saturated fat in the Mediterranean diet, studies have found that the diet may reduce risk for many chronic diseases.”There are at least 16 countries that border the Mediterranean Sea. Diets vary between the countries, depending on the culture, economy and agriculture production. But they share a common dietary pattern, she said. All include a high consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, breads and other cereals, potatoes, beans, nuts and seeds. Olive oil is used as a healthy source of fat. The diet includes moderate amounts of dairy products, fish and poultry and red meat. Eggs are included in some diets. Wine is consumed in moderation. “People who follow the average Mediterranean diet eat less saturated fat than those who eat the average American diet,” according to the American Heart Association Web site. “More than half the fat calories in a Mediterranean diet come from monounsaturated fats, mainly from olive oil. The incidence of heart disease in Mediterranean countries is lower than in the United States. Death rates are lower, too. But this may not be entirely due to the diet. Lifestyle factors, such as more physical activity and extended social support systems, may also play a part.”Arthritis and the risks for Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, heart disease and stroke are decreased for those who follow a Mediterranean diet. “Mediterranean diets include very little animal fat or saturated fat,” Crawley said. “Because there is a direct link between the consumption of saturated fat and colorectal cancers, heart diseases and strokes, the risks of getting these diseases are reduced when following a Mediterranean diet.” A diet rich in nutrients may control inflammation and decrease symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. One study of women suffering from RA, she said, found women who received counseling and information about the Mediterranean diet reported significantly less overall pain and early-morning stiffness than women who only received general nutrition information. The women following the diet lost weight and lowered their blood pressures.“Two studies have shown a connection between following a Mediterranean diet and a reduced risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease,” Crawley said. “Many participants saw a nearly 50 percent reduction in risk.” To follow a Mediterranean diet at home:Use olive oil and canola oil instead of butter when cooking. Replace one red-meat entrée a week with fish. Use whole-wheat bread. Switch to low-fat or non-fat dairy products. Fill half a dinner plate with vegetables (especially brightly or deeply-colored ones like broccoli, carrots, tomatoes, beets and greens). Have a glass of wine with dinner. If you don’t already drink alcohol, however, don’t start.
Folks don’t like to spit watermelon seeds anymore, so Georgia farmers now grow seedless varieties. The switch has farmers fighting a deadly plant disease that likes seedless melons as much as consumers do, says a University of Georgia expert. Fusarium wilt is a fungal disease that lives in the soil for years, said David Langston, a plant pathologist with UGA Cooperative Extension. It’s now popping up frequently in Georgia watermelon fields.“It actually lives and survives in the soil and it attacks watermelon roots. As the roots grow out from the watermelon plant, they come into contact with the organism. It will infect the roots and basically kills the plant,” Langston said.The disease thrives in cool spring weather, he said. Once daytime temperatures hit the 90s, the disease shuts down, but its damage is done by then. Damage so far this year has been localized, but as much as half of some fields has been lost to it.”We’ve seen a considerable increase in calls and plant samples that have been diagnosed as fusarium wilt this year so far, twice as many as previous years,” Langston said.The first documented case of the disease in watermelons was in Georgia around the turn of the 20th century. Over the years, the industry developed varieties with resistance to the disease, he said. But all of these varieties have seeds.Watermelon eaters now demand melons without seeds. Seedless watermelon varieties have been around for many years, but in the past decade, they’ve become the most widely grown melon type in Georgia and in other watermelon-growing states like Florida and Texas, where farmers also are seeing increased problems with the disease.Every watermelon-growing county in Georgia has had reports of the disease in seedless melons, he said. Melons are grown in the south-central part of the state.There are some techniques being looked at to help, he said. But the most important one is finding and testing watermelon varieties that are resistant to the disease, something private plant breeders have had trouble developing.“Seedless melons have no resistance at all and they have a very difficult time breeding fusarium wilt resistance into them,” Langston said.Growers could lower their risk for the disease by planting a field in watermelons only every eight years. But growers, due to limited land, usually plant watermelons back to back each year in the same fields. Or they only skip one year. This compounds the problem. The disease can build up in fields that are planted in watermelons each year, killing even more plants the following year. Georgia is one of the top watermelon-producing states in the country. Georgia farmers plant around 30,000 acres of melons each year, shooting to sell them around the Fourth of July, the mother of all melon-consuming holidays. Right now, there should be plenty of Georgia melons available for the holiday. According to the Georgia Agricultural Statistics Service, most of the crop is in fair to good condition right now.Many diseases like to attack melons, Langston said. Fusarium wilt is just another one back on farmers’ radars. But it will need to be defeated soon, or many farmers could be planting themselves into an unavoidable corner in the coming years.
Learning “al-fresco” style, or getting out into nature’s classroom, is a great way to connect children with the things they are expected to master in school, says a 4-H education specialist. The Georgia 4-H environmental education program puts education at the fingertips of thousands of Georgia kids each year, says Melanie Biersmith, 4-H environmental education coordinator.“We are teaching environmental science where it happens. It doesn’t get more relevant than learning beach ecology on the beach,” Biersmith said. “The Georgia 4-H Environmental Education Program has the ability to bring school concepts to life and connect students to the natural world using the outdoors as a classroom without walls.” There are five University of Georgia 4-H centers across the state. Each provides academic classes that complement science, social studies, history and language in natural settings to students of all ages who attend public, private or home schools. Centers are located from the mountains to the sea: Wahsega 4-H Center, Dahlonega; Fortson 4-H Center, Hampton; Rock Eagle 4-H Center, Eatonton; Burton 4-H Center, Tybee Island; and Jekyll Island 4-H Center.Students can stay at one of the five centers for three days and two nights to learn about a different region of the Georgia. (Day-classes are also available.) Classes are led by trained, college-educated instructors and the subject matter is aligned to meet Georgia Performance Standards. With more than 35,000 students participating every year, Georgia’s residential environmental education program is one of the largest of its kind in the country. “Being connected to the environment, I think, is important, but that is not the best thing about our programming,” Biersmith said.A well-rounded program is what makes it so successful, she said. “The relationship-building aspect of the experience can be as important as the academic piece,” Biersmith said. “Teacher-to-student and student-to-student relationships are built on a these trips. When eight people sleep in a room together and figure out who is going to use the sink first, there are some real life skills buried in there.” Biersmith speaks from personal experience. Before becoming the head of the environmental education program, she directed the camp on Jekyll Island. The programs focus on science, she said, but most learning opportunities are multi-disciplinary.“We include language arts with journal entries about discoveries or learn about social studies when we talk about Native Americans at Rock Eagle or pioneer life at Wahsega,” she said. A class trip to a center costs around $100 per student and takes some planning. “Teachers get interested and look across the state to find a center that will complement what their students are learning,” she said. “In fifth grade, students learn about erosion and deposition and the beach is a great place to study this so they might visit Tybee or Jekyll.” A teacher can contact a 4-H center to plan a trip. An entire school system can contact Biersmith to develop a multi-year plan to teach its students at different centers.“We walk folks through the process,” Biersmith said. “Several of us have been teachers so we know what happens in the classroom and what obstacles are present when planning an overnight trip.” Homeschool DaysMulti-day environmental education field studies are exclusively offered to home-schooled children. These sessions can be hands-on, experiential learning programs for the families, too. Designed for students age 5 through 17, parents accompany their children to classes. Families stay together in dormitories or cabins and eat meals in the dining halls. Classes address topics like marsh ecology, orienteering, herpetology, beach ecology and pioneer studies. Centers are open for homeschool students September 15-17 at Wahsega; September 17-19 and 20-22 at Burton; September 20-21 at Fortson; October 18-19 at Rock Eagle; and November 14-16 at Burton. Classes, prices and exact schedules vary according to center. For more information, visit the website http://georgia4h.org/ee/.
Cutting the vine does not kill the roots. This is where an herbicide becomes a very handy tool. If greenbrier or poison ivy leaves are close to the ground, leave several inches of the vine so that you can spray the leaves. Herbicides are absorbed quicker if there are only a few leaves. Herbicides can also be sprayed or painted directly onto the freshly cut end of the vine or stump. This should be done immediately, before the sap dries out, so the herbicide can be absorbed into the vine and move down into the root system. Be patientThe severed portion of the vine may take a few weeks to completely die and can take even longer to decompose. However, with poison ivy, don’t try to pull the vine down since the resulting rash is not worth the trouble. Just be patient and allow the vine to die.Select an herbicide with glyphosate or triclopyr in the active ingredients. Read and follow the labeled application instructions and safety precautions carefully. Wear gloves to protect your hands from the herbicide as well as the poison ivy sap. If the vine resprouts after several weeks, spray herbicide again when the sprouts reach 6 to 8 inches high. These control tactics will also work on other tough vines like English ivy. For more information about controlling greenbrier and poison ivy, see the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension online factsheets “Controlling Greenbrier” and “Controlling Poison Ivy in the Landscape” at www.caes.uga.edu/publications. Greenbrier and poison ivy are two of the hardest weedy vines to control. Following these tips from University of Georgia Cooperative Extension will make the chore a little easier. These two weeds grow across the ground and up trees and shrubs. Poison ivy causes a severe skin reaction for many people who make contact with the oil in its leaves and stems. This makes it even more difficult to control. Several species of greenbrier are native to Georgia, but one of the more common ones has prickly thorns. This makes it difficult to pull out, even if wearing leather gloves. Deep root systemsBoth plants have extensive underground root systems that are very difficult to dig out of the ground, much less pull out by hand. If the stem breaks away from the root system, greenbrier and poison ivy will grow back. Knowing your weed is often half the battle. Take the time to learn how to identify greenbrier and poison ivy. Keep in mind that poison ivy takes on many different forms, including a very aggressive, fuzzy vine that grows as thick as a man’s arm and can nearly strangle a tree as it climbs to the top. Both weeds are cold hardy perennials, which means the roots survive even the coldest Georgia winters. Because these plants are difficult to control, it is often necessary to use herbicides as part of the control strategy. They are also tough woody plants that only respond to a few herbicides on the market. Even using the best herbicide, it may take multiple applications to eventually wear out the weed’s root system.Cutting works bestThe best strategy for controlling greenbrier and poison ivy is to cut them off at the source. A 50-foot long poison ivy vine that reaches the top of a tree will barely be affected by an herbicide sprayed on the leaves that are a few feet off the ground. Keep in mind that recommended herbicides would likely kill or damage the tree, too. If you cut the vine near the base, everything from the ground up will die without roots to supply it water and nutrients. Avoid damaging the bark of the host tree and avoid getting the sap or sawdust on your skin when cutting poison ivy vines.
Bill funding Vermont transportation needs clears House, sent to PresidentWashington, D.C. Rep. Peter Welch (VT-AL) supported and the House passed HR 6532, the Highway Trust Fund Restoration Act, to address a projected shortfall in the Highway Trust Fund and restore more than $8 billion in federal funding for states.The bill, which has cleared the Senate and will now be sent to the president for his signature, restores over $47 million in federal transportation funding for Vermont’s roads and bridges.”Our roads and bridges in Vermont and across the country are falling into disrepair. It is simply unacceptable to continue to neglect the up-keep and safety of our transportation system,” said Welch. “The federal government needs to be a partner in supporting states in meeting our pressing infrastructure needs.”In FY2008, federal Trust Fund spending for Vermont is $161,725,931. Without action by Congress, the Federal Highway Administration estimates that Vermont’s funding will be cut to $114,413,876 for FY2009.The legislation prevents this $47,312,055 cut to Vermont transportation projects.In 1998, in response to concerns that the Highway Account’s $16.5 billion balance was too large, Congress transferred more than $8 billion from the Highway Trust Fund to the General Fund.In the face of major Highway Trust Fund shortfalls in 2009 and beyond, H.R. 6532 restores $8.017 billion in highway-user taxes to the Highway Trust Fund that were originally transferred in 1998.# # #
Vermont Could Receive Over $25 Million in Home Heating FundsWaterbury, Vt.-Governor Jim Douglas praised the U.S. House of Representatives for their historic vote on September 25, 2008, to fully fund the federal Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) at $5.1 billion, the maximum funding level authorized for fiscal year 2009.Governor Douglas said the LIHEAP provision was included in the House-passed version of a Continuing Resolution which would fund the vast majority of government programs at fiscal year 2008 levels through March 2009.”The House’s decision to fully fund the LIHEAP program for this coming year-at nearly double the 2008 appropriation-is an indication that they understand the critical importance of the LIHEAP program for all states,” said Governor Jim Douglas. “I want to thank Congressman Welch for his leadership on this issue and his colleagues for their support for this critically important program. The northeastern governors are all very grateful that the House has responded to our calls for full funding of LIHEAP.””We now urge the Senate and president to quickly follow suit,” Governor Douglas continued. “If they can find $700 billion to bailout Wall Street, surely than can find the resources to keep low income Americans warm this winter.”Last year, Vermont received a LIHEAP block grant of $11.7 million, and an overall total of nearly $19.4 million in funding, when contingency funding is included in the equation.Governor Douglas said if the Senate passes the measure supported by the House, and the President signs it into law, Vermont stands to receive almost $25.6 million in block grant funding from the program. This is more than double last year’s base funding, at almost $14 million.”Vermont was able to provide the most generous LIHEAP benefit in the nation to low-income residents last year,” added Secretary of the Agency of Human Services Cynthia D. LaWare. “Due to the skyrocketing costs of home heating fuel this year, the LIHEAP program must be fully funded if we are to ensure a similar benefit level to our LIHEAP recipients this year. The House’s commitment to this issue is a very positive step toward making this a reality, and I urge the Senate and the President to address this issue immediately.”Vermont is actively engaged in a variety of statewide efforts to address the challenge of rising fuel and food costs. For more information about the Governor’s Fuel and Food Partnership, and what State and community partners are doing to help keep Vermonters warm this winter, please visit: http://helpforvt.org/(link is external)###
Vermont maple syrup producers are each being asked to donate one gallon of syrup in order to send a taste of Vermont springtime to troops serving in Iraq and Afghanistan. For the fifth year, the Vermont Maple Sugar Makers Association is organizing Operation Vermont Maple Sweetness 2009 which will package the donated syrup into one pint containers and ship them to bases in Iraq and Afghanistan. Over 8000 pints of syrup were sent in 2008.The syrup sent last year resulted in numerous heartfelt e-mails from the troops. Thank you for the effort that people in Vermont went through with Operation Vermont Maple Sweetness. Thanks for the reminder of good things from back home. The syrup was on the breakfast line and was a big hit with my friends and me. Thanks for thinking of us and please let the rest of your co-workers know that their actions are appreciated here.Operation Vermont Maple Sweetness 2009 is a real team effort between Vermont maple producers, the Vermont Maple Sugar Makers Association, the Vermont Maple Foundation, the Vermont Maple Industry Council, Sugar Hill Containers, the Vermont Maple Festival, Vermont Department of Tourism & Marketing, and Vermont Agency of Agriculture. We want to thank the many other individuals and businesses who supported this project last year and are seeking sponsors for this year s project.The deadline for donations of syrup is May 1 in order to have the syrup in the soldiers hands by Memorial Day. Maple syrup producers are encouraged to donate one gallon of their best syrup and take it to the drop-off locations listed below and on www.vermontmaple.org(link is external). The general public may also donate to help defray shipping costs. For more information about sponsorships call Sam Cutting IV at (802) 425-3971 and for syrup donations call Rick Marsh (802) 644-5482. Anyone wishing to may send a donation to: Mary Croft, Treasurer, Vermont Maple Sugar Makers Association, 491 East Barnard Road, S. Royalton, VT, 05068.Drop-off Points for Syrup (deadline is May 1):Addison CountyDakin Farm, FerrisburghRheaume Kitchen & Flooring Center, Inc., 2106 Rte 7, South MiddleburyCaledonia CountyMaple Grove, St JohnsburyChittenden CountyDepot Home & Garden, Essex JunctionPeter Purinton, HuntingtonFranklin CountyVMSMA’s Booth at the Vermont Maple Festival – St. AlbansCDL/Maple Pro – St. AlbansLeader Evaporator – SwantonLapierre SwantonDominion & Grimm – FairfaxLamoille CountyVermont Maple Outlet – JeffersonvilleUVM Extension Office – Morrisville (Open Monday – Friday 8am – 4pm)Butternut Mountain Farm Store, JohnsonOrange CountyRoger Palmer – Randolph CenterCentral Supply-Randolph 802-728-5332Orleans CountyCouture’s Maple Shop – WestfieldFarm Yard Store – DerbyDesmarias Equipment – OrleansRutland CountyC.H. Grimm RutlandRichard Green–PoultneyWashington CountyAgency of Agriculture– MontpelierGoodrich Maple Farm CabotMorse Farm–MontpelierWindham CountyFranklin Geist – Saxtons RiverUVM Extension Office – Brattleboro (Open Monday Friday 8am – 4:30pm)Bascom Maple Farms Alstead, NHWindsor County:Gateway Motors, White River JctMary Croft, East BarnardGreen Mountain Sugar House, Ludlow